Policy Briefs on Innovating to End Urban Poverty

50 years ago, President Lyndon B. Johnson declared “unconditional War on Poverty.” However, solutions to poverty in America have been elusive. The Innovating to End Urban Poverty symposium explores the context for poverty, policy history, and innovative solutions bridging families to opportunity. The symposium convenes a multi-disciplinary team of nationally-recognized scholars and practitioners to examine what is and is not working with an emphasis on the new policies, programs or practices needed to end urban poverty.

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Reducing Income Based Achievement Gaps

Heather Schwartz argues that with stronger monitoring and evaluation schools can try several innovative new strategies to close the achievement gap.

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School Readiness Policies

Greg Duncan explores the potential for scaling up a successful pre-k model in Boston and suggests that providing additional income to parents with young children can have lasting impacts for students.
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Immigration

Stepping Stone or Sink Hole?

Manuel Pastor explains the changing demographics and geography of the American immigrant population and makes several proposals to address poverty in immigrant communities.

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Housing

Reforming Housing Policy

Ed Olsen proposes strategies to make affordable housing more cost effective, allowing a greater number of families to benefit from housing subsidies.

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Workforce Development

Improving Labor Market Skills

Harry Holzer looks into the post-secondary degree and career training programs currently available for disadvantaged individuals and explores reform strategies to make these program more effective.

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Former Prisoners and Disadvantaged Youth

Cynthia Miller explores the similar needs of the former prisoners and disadvantaged youth populations for employment and training programs that offer reasonable wages, as well as better connections to higher education.

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Health Care

Improving Access to Health Care

Barbara Wolf proposes several solutions to improve access to health care for the urban poor, including: expanding the number of nurse practitioners, constructing additional community health centers, providing primary care in childcare settings, and restructuring emergency room triage.

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Executive Function

Improving Executive Function

LaDonna Pavetti summarizes research on the relationship between poverty and executive function and suggests strategies to develop executive-function informed human service program.

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The Role of Place

Place-Conscious Interventions

Margery Turner suggests moving from “place-based” to “place-conscious” strategies that recognize the importance of place but are not constrained by rigid neighborhood boundaries.

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Poverty in an Suburban Age

Alan Berube rethinks traditional place-based approaches to fighting poverty in light of a changing geography characterized by greater suburban concentrations of poverty.

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