Social Innovation Faculty Research Grants
2015 Winning Proposals:
Effects of the War on Poverty on Mobility and Neighborhood Stability
Assistant Professor Duquette
The Johnson-era War on Poverty experimented with innovative, grassroots-led solutions to alleviate poverty. Though widely remembered as a failure, a new body of research has begun to show strong positive short-term effects of many War on Poverty programs. Yet the long-run effects of War on Poverty spending remain unstudied because of data limitations. This proposal pairs archival grant-making data of the poverty programs with restricted Census data to begin to examine long run impacts on two outcomes: do those exposed to anti-poverty programs in childhood migrate out of poor neighborhoods? And how does outmigration affect those left behind in areas of concentrated poverty? Outcomes will be compared using archival data on the San Diego and national War on Poverty programs.
An Urban Push for Rural Needs
Assistant Professor Graddy-Reed
The persistence of complex social problems and inequality has led to a renewed push from entrepreneurs to generate innovative solutions. Within this effort is growing support for hybrid legal structures that blend the social focus of nonprofits with the capital structures and processes of for-profits. Localized networks often drive the spread of these hybrid entities, raising questions of geographical variation. This project uses data from the North Carolina Social Innovation Survey and interviews with local stakeholders to examine the differences in the rise of hybrid organizations in urban and rural communities and whether their socially engaged practices benefit low-income residents.
2014 Winning Proposals:
Walking to School in Inner City Neighborhoods and the Safety of School Children: The City Heights Experience
Professors Tridib Banerjee and Deepak Bahl
The objective of this project is to identify and examine the major factors affecting the safety of children, especially on their journey from home to school. The focus is on pedestrian travel and safety of a critical user group –children who are not only the subjects in this study, but they are also active participants. The findings of this project are expected to better inform current programs, identify areas that are perceived unsafe by children, and recommend interventions in improving the safety of child pedestrians in general, and of children walking to school in particular.
Safe and Healthy Neighborhoods Collaborative: Understanding and Preventing Family Violence and Child Maltreatment
Professors Michael S. Hurlburt and Emily Putnam-Hornstein
The proposed research will utilize geographic information systems (GIS) analyses to understand the spatial distribution of family violence and child maltreatment in San Diego, with a focus on the City Heights Planning Area. Small geographic areas of unusual risk for and protection from family violence and maltreatment will be identified through innovative spatial and survey analyses. This work will illuminate neighborhood processes shaping rates of family violence and maltreatment. A strong, collaborative team will utilize research findings, and extensive experience with effective parent training models, to design family violence prevention strategies applicable and efficient in small, high-risk geographic areas.