Effects of the War on Poverty on Mobility and Neighborhood Stability

Assistant Professor Duquette

The Johnson-era War on Poverty experimented with innovative, grassroots-led solutions to alleviate poverty. Though widely remembered as a failure, a new body of research has begun to show strong positive short-term effects of many War on Poverty programs. Yet the long-run effects of War on Poverty spending remain unstudied because of data limitations. This proposal pairs archival grant-making data of the poverty programs with restricted Census data to begin to examine long run impacts on two outcomes: do those exposed to anti-poverty programs in childhood migrate out of poor neighborhoods? And how does outmigration affect those left behind in areas of concentrated poverty? Outcomes will be compared using archival data on the San Diego and national War on Poverty programs.